During the reported period, Azerbaijan was Turkey’s 2nd-largest exporter, following Russia with 2.5 billion m3.
Turkey imports Azerbaijani natural gas through the South Caucasus Gas Pipeline (Baku-Tbilisi-Erzurum) and TANAP.
Overall, Azerbaijan increased:
natural gas exports to Turkey by 21%
bringing the volume of exports to 11.1 billion m3 in 2020
The South Caucasus Pipeline was built to export Shah Deniz gas from Azerbaijan to Georgia and Turkey.
It follows the route of the BTC crude oil pipeline through Azerbaijan and Georgia to Turkey, where it is linked to the Turkish gas distribution system.
The pipeline has been operational since late 2006 transporting gas to Azerbaijan and Georgia and starting from July 2007 to Turkey from Shah Deniz Stage 1.
TANAP is the central part of the Southern Gas Corridor, which connects the giant Shah Deniz gas field in Azerbaijan to Europe through the South Caucasus Pipeline and the TAP.
The pipeline has strategic importance as it allows the Azerbaijani gas exports to Europe.
The capacity of the pipeline is 16 billion m3 of natural gas per year at the initial stage and would be increased later:
up to 23 billion m3 by 2023
31 billion m3 by 2026
and at the final stage 60 billion m3