The 1st of its kind, the plant, named after 18th-century Russian scientist Mikhail Lomonosov – Akademik Lomonosov, supplies power to Russia’s far eastern Chukotka region, help tap the resources of remote regions and pave the way for other mobile power plants that could serve other countries around the world.
Rosatom says that a floating nuclear reactor is perfect for the Russian Arctic and that the future of Chukotka region’s inhabitants hinges on the project.
It will replace an aging coal-fired power plant, saving about 500 000 tons of CO2 emissions per year compared to fossil fuels alternatives.
Akademik Lomonosov was commissioned by Rosenergoatom (a division of Rosatom) from St. Petersburg-based Baltic Shipyard.
It was under construction and testing for more than a decade - since early 2007.
In 2019 it finally passed all tests and in July was handed over to Rosenergoatom, which has a state license to operate the FNPP for 10 years, until 2029.
The 140-m long platform with 2 KLT-40S nuclear reactors can produce up to 70 MW of electricity and 50 Gcal/h of thermal power.
That’s enough to supply energy to 100 000 inhabitants.
The service life is 40 years.
No spent nuclear fuel or radioactive waste is planned to be left in the Arctic and spent fuel will be taken to special storage facilities on mainland Russia.
Rosatom is already working on next-generation optimized floating power unit (OFPUs), which will be equipped with two RITM-200M reactors (each with a capacity of 50 MW).