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Its an organic compound consisting of only hydrogen and carbon atoms


Almost all hydrocarbons occur naturally in crude oils, like petroleum and natural gas.
Since crude oil is made of decomposed organic matter, it is abundant in hydrogen and carbon atoms.

Hydrocarbons are highly combustible and produce carbon dioxide, water, and heat when they are burned.
Therefore, hydrocarbons are highly effective as a source of fuel.
There are 2 types of hydrocarbons:
  • aliphatic
  • aromatic
The 3 types of aliphatic hydrocarbons are:
  • alkanes
  • alkenes
  • alkynes
Hydrocarbons are very important for the modern economy.
Because hydrocarbons are the largest energy source in the globe, some of the largest companies in the world are hydrocarbon companies.
These primarily include oil and gas companies that mine hydrocarbons and convert them into the energy sources that the world uses to power almost everything.

Unfortunately, it is now understood that there is a serious environmental cost to using hydrocarbons as a primary source of energy.
Greenhouse gasses released during the combustion of hydrocarbons are contributing to climate change.
The process of oil and gas extraction can damage the surface environment and surrounding groundwater of the extraction site.

To address the negative impact of hydrocarbon energy, there is a growing movement toward the use of renewable energy sources, such as solar, wind, and geothermal power. Alongside innovations in battery technology and smart grid infrastructure, these new energy alternatives may play a significantly larger role in global energy production in the years and decades ahead.