Belarus, Poland, and Russia signed intergovernmental agreements on the Yamal-Europe Pipeline in 1993, and the following year a Gazprom-Wintershall joint venture began building the German segment.
The gas pipeline construction started in 1994 and in 2006 the Yamal - Europe gas pipeline reached its design capacity of 33 billion m3 after the last compressor station commissioning.
The number of compressor stations at the gas pipeline - 14, the pipe diameter - 1,420 mm, the total length – over 2,000 km.
The trunkline runs from the Torzhok gas transmission hub in the Tver Oblast where it receives gas from the Northern Tyumen Regions (SRTO) - Torzhok gas pipeline.
The Russian section is 402 km long and has 3 compressor stations: Rzhevskaya, Kholm-Zhirkovskaya and Smolenskaya.
The 575-km-long pipeline runs across Belarus with 5 compressor stations operational: Nesvizhskaya, Krupskaya, Slonimskaya, Minskaya and Orshanskaya.
Gazprom is the sole owner of the Belarusian gas pipeline section.
The Polish section consists of a 683-km-long linear part and 5 compressor stations: Ciechanow, Szamotuly, Zambrow, Wloclawek, and Kondratki.
This section of the gas pipeline is owned by EuRoPol Gaz.
The westernmost point of the gas pipeline is the Mallnow compressor station near Frankfurt an der Oder in the vicinity of the German-Polish border where the gas pipeline links up with the YAGAL-Nord gas transmission system, which is, in turn, connected to the STEGAL – MIDAL – Rehden UGS gas transmission system.
The German section of the gas pipeline is owned by WINGAS.
Gazprom is the sole owner of the Russian and Belarusian gas pipeline section.
EuRoPol Gaz (a joint venture of Gazprom and Polish PGNiG) owns the Polish pipeline section of the gas pipeline.
WINGAS (a joint venture of Gazprom and Wintershall) owns the German section of the gas pipeline.
In April 2013, Gazprom and EuRoPol Gaz signed an MoU to build Yamal-Europe-2 pipeline, but then Poland’s Prime Minister Donald Tusk reacted negatively and the project got stalled.
D. Tusk said:
- Poland will not participate in projects in which gas is a political tool.
In November 2019, PGNiG formally declared its intent not to renew the contract which is expiring in 2022.