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International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)

Its known as the world's "Atoms for Peace and Development" organization within the United Nations family. The IAEA is the world's central intergovernmental forum for scientific and technical co-operation in the nuclear field.

International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)

The IAEA was founded in 1957 as an autonomous intergovernmental organisation.
It reports regularly to the United Nations General Assembly and has a duty to notify the United Nations Security Council directly if a threat to world peace has been ascertained. The IAEA has its headquarters in Vienna, Austria.

Its known as the world's «Atoms for Peace and Development» organization within the United Nations family.
The IAEA is the world's central intergovernmental forum for scientific and technical co-operation in the nuclear field.

Representatives from all its current 171 member states (as of April 2020) attend the IAEA's annual General Conference.
The Board of Governors meets once a quarter, while the Programme and Budget Committee (PBC) and the Technical Assistance and Cooperation Committee (TACC) each convene every 6 months.

The IAEA is generally described as having 3 main missions:
  • Peaceful uses: Promoting the peaceful uses of nuclear energy by its member states,
  • Safeguards: Implementing safeguards to verify that nuclear energy is not used for military purposes, and
  • Nuclear safety: Promoting high standards for nuclear safety
The IAEA globally promotes the peaceful use of nuclear power by means of technical conferences, coordinated research contracts, services (in particular review services in the form of expert-led international missions dedicated to specific issues), databases and comprehensive documentation and publication activities.

It provides support to developing countries, for example with regard to the use of nuclear applications in the fields of medicine, water and agriculture.

It sends in its own experts to provide developing countries with assistance, for example nuclear applications in the fields of medicine, water and agriculture, as well as funding scholarships and training courses, et cetera.

The IAEA supports international monitoring cooperation and harmonisation by producing safety standards and recommendations for instance on reactor safety, radiation protection, nuclear waste management, transport of radioactive substances, radiation emergency preparedness and security of nuclear facilities and nuclear materials.

It fosters the physical protection of nuclear material against misuse, for example with the aim of combatting nuclear smuggling.

IAEA Director General Rafael Mariano Grossi assumed office on 3 December 2019.