Born: March 19, 1956 in Moscow.
1978 - graduated from the Lomonosov Moscow State University, degree in Economics.
1980-1986 - worked in the All-Union Systematic Studies Research Center, the Academy of Sciences of the USSR.
1986-1987 - leading Research Fellow, the Institute of Economics and Scientific Progress Forecasting, the Academy of Sciences of the USSR.
1990-1991 - Director of the Institute of Economic Policy, the Academy of National Economy.
Since Oct. 1991 - First Deputy Prime Minister of the Government of the RSFSR. Mr. Gaidar was also the Economics and Finance Minister.
1992 - First Deputy Prime Minister, the Government of the Russian Federation.
1992-1993 - Director of the Institute of the Economy in Transition. Also the presidential Economic Policy Aid.
1993-1994 - First Deputy Prime Minister, the Government of the Russian Federation.
1994-1995 - member of Parliament, the State Duma of the Russian Federation. Headed the “Choice of Russia” faction.
1994-2001 - Chairman of “The Democratic Choice of Russia” Party.
1999-2003 - Member of Parliament, the State Duma of the RF. Presented the “Union of Right Forces”. Member of the Committee for Budget and Fiscal policy in the State Duma.
Mr. Gaidar was the co-Chairman of the “Union of Right Forces”.
Yegor Gaidar was the architect of the controversial shock therapy reforms administered in Russia after the dissolution of the Soviet Union, which brought him both praise and harsh criticism.
Many Russians held him responsible for the economic hardships that plagued the country in the 1990s that resulted in mass poverty and hyperinflation among other things, although liberals praised him as a man who did what had to be done to save the country from complete collapse.
Gaidar died of pulmonary edema, provoked by myocardial ischemia on 16 December 2009.
His daughter, Maria Gaidar, was one of the leaders of the Russian democratic opposition.
From July 2009 till June 2011 she was Deputy Chair of the Government of Kirov oblast.
Since July 2015 she was a vice-governor of Odessa Oblast in Ukraine.