Europe, as a whole, imports some 40 % of the gas it consumes from Russia. Last year, this amounted to around 155 billion m3
London, April 29 - Neftegaz.RU.
In the week when Gazprom
finally did what Europe was afraid it would do and started cutting off gas supplies to countries unwilling to pay for them in rubles, Russian gas reliance has really hit the spotlight, Oilprice has reported.
And at least one country in Europe believes it can eliminate its dependence on it sooner than previously believed.
Bloomberg reported earlier this week that the UK
could stop importing Russian gas before this year’s end.
Citing an unnamed source familiar with the government’s plans, the report noted that Russian gas exports to the UK were already a slim enough portion of total gas imports to make the phase-out possible.
Russian gas last year accounted for just 4 % of total UK gas imports, replacing Russia with another supplier will be nowhere near as challenging as the same exercise would be for Germany.
What’s more, Russian LNG
cargos - the only form of Russian gas that the UK imports - arriving in the country
have fallen further since the start of this year, reinforcing Downing Street’s conviction that the UK can get rid of Russian gas with almost no hassle.
This puts the UK in a comfortable enough virtue-signaling position, from which it can urge its EU allies to reduce their own reliance on Russian gas.
These allies, however, will have a harder time following in the UK’s footsteps, with Germany being the most notoriously gas-dependent European economy.
, businesses and trade unions have joined forces to advise against gas embargo, noting it would devastate the energy-intensive German economy
An oil embargo is an equally hard sell for Germany.
This year, the EU has stated it will aim to reduce its intake of Russian gas by 2/3 by the end of the year, using a variety of measures, including a switch to LNG, energy conservation, a buildout in renewables, and increasing the use of coal for power generation.
The president of the European Commission
, Ursula von der Leyen, has called on European energy traders not to pay for Russian gas in rubles
, however, has said it had no problem doing just that.
Hungary and Austria have also said they would pay for Russian gas in rubles.
The asynchrony between Brussels and the business world has once again highlighted the drawbacks of energy dependence and the importance of local supply.
The UK’s relative ease of reducing Russian oil
imports also speaks to the latter.
This doesn’t mean that the UK is problem-free and an example for the EU to follow, however.
Last month, energy industry association Offshore Energies UK warned that the country’s gas producers were struggling to increase output, which could threaten the security of supply.
This, the association said, could result in the UK becoming dependent on imports for as much as 70-80 % of its consumption in the future.