This accounts for almost 25% of the EU’s total electricity production.
The largest producer of nuclear power in the EU was:
- France (52% of the EU total nuclear energy production; 353 833 GWh)
- Germany (9%; 64 382 GWh)
- Spain (9%; 58 299 GWh)
- Sweden (7%; 49 198 GWh)
At the beginning of 2020, 13 EU Member States with nuclear electricity production had altogether 109 nuclear reactors in operation.
In the course of 2020, 3 nuclear reactors permanently shut down – 2 in France and 1 in Sweden.
Nevertheless, France remained the EU Member State most reliant on nuclear electricity, which represented 67% of all electricity generated in the country in 2020.
The only other EU country with more than half of its electricity generated in nuclear power plants was Slovakia (54%).
This figure stood at 46% in Hungary, 41% in Bulgaria, 39% in Belgium, 38% in Slovenia, 37% in Czechia, 34% in Finland, 30% in Sweden, 22% in Spain, 21% in Romania.
France is leading a group of EU countries advocating for nuclear power to be recognised as a low-cost and climate-friendly provider of energy security.
The EU's decision on whether or not nuclear is «sustainable» has yet to be made.
Despite the fact that plants are emission-free, nuclear is currently considered only a low-carbon energy source due to emissions caused by mining and transport.