According to Bloomberg estimates on data from the Russian finance ministry, Moscow would be getting less than $1 out of each barrel of Urals it exports.
This ultra-low oil export duty is the lowest in 18 years - since 2002 - when the export duty mechanism was introduced, a finance ministry official told Bloomberg.
The price of Urals averaged around $19 a barrel between the middle of March and the middle of April, the period for which data is collected to recalculate the export duty for oil in the next one-month period, according to data from the Russian finance ministry.
On the face of it, Russia agreed to much deeper cuts in deal than those it rejected in early March when Russia’s refusal to back a collective 1.5 million bpd OPEC+ cut led to the one-month spat and the oil price war between Saudi Arabia and Russia. In reality, cheating with quotas has been an art in Russia since the start of the OPEC+ alliance more than 3 years ago.
“[I]t will be important to monitor compliance, especially as there is only a 3-week period before around 20% of Russian oil production needs to be temporarily shut down. We suspect that this may be a task that is very difficult to achieve but would not underestimate the ingenuity of the Russian oil industry and the Kremlin to at least make a case for compliance by May,” they said.